Physical Therapy Methods
Skill Acquisiton And Back To Life Therapy Service
• Atiye AYRAL, MD
• Atilla AYRAL, MD
While ergonomics was the arrangement for the adaptation of the person to the job in the past, now it is defined as the adaptation of the person to the job and adaptation of the job to the person. Therefore, following ergonomics rules is more significant than ever. As the work done can’t be reduced mostly, we need to adapt our body to the job as it will be damaged least and follow the ergonomics rule to prevent soft tissue damage.
How should an ergonomic working environment be?
Seat, monitor, location of place, looking position in the working place, location of foot and arm is very significant for an ergonomic work environment. While working, we spend the longest time by sitting. Sitting is one of the positions that inter-waist pressure is the highest. While sitting, neutral form of the waist should be maintained and seat to support the waist should be used. A proper seat should support waist, back, legs and arms. Back support should permit 100-110° angling and height of seating part should be adjusted and it should be of concave surface for less contact in legs. Seat and table should be in adequate height for the body structure and height of the person and fit for the job. The table should be in the level of elbow height.
Sitting position should be frequently changed. Sitting at the same position for a long time may lead to anatomic problems, deformity and orthopedic disorders. You shouldn’t sit in the same position more than 40 minutes.
Wrong point of view to the computer, distance, sitting disorder and standing in the same position for a long time will result in head, back, neck, lumbar and shoulder pain, inhibition of movement and early fatigue and cramp.
There should be right angle among back, legs and knees. In this way, musculoskeletal system disorders can be prevented.
Head should be in backward. Otherwise, fatigue and arthritis of neck muscles can occur.
You should tilt your back straightly and look towards the monitor. If you look downward or upward, seat should be in the same plane as the screen. In this way, posture will get better.
Wrists should be lower than elbows. Carpal tunnel syndrome may be prevented in this way.
Keyboard use or working at wrong position at the desk may lead to kyphosis. You need to be careful about standing upright while sitting down.