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Common Cold
It is known as "cold" or "chill" among the people. It is a viral infection. The disease is not caused by cold but viruses generally in the spring and winter seasons.  

Mothers and fathers in the winter months think that they can protect their children by dressing them with thick and tight clothes. However, common cold is not associated with cold. It would be useful to keep off the persons with cold for protecting the children. The best method of protecting the babies younger than 3 months from common cold is that the room should be frequently ventilated, crowd should be avoided and it should be adhered to hygiene rules. While adults or older children undergo this disease in slight outcomes, note that common cold may affect the babies more severely. 

It transmits with droplets spread with sneezing or coughing. Runny nose, nasal congestion, sore throat, dry cough, fatigue and body aches are common symptoms. In some children, very slight fever can be witnessed. However, fever is below 38 degrees. 
Antibiotics are of no use in remedying this discomfort associated with virus infection. Antibiotics have no use at all in treatment of common cold. It is recommended that the child should rest, room air should be dampened with relaxing and analgesic drugs and plenty of liquid intakes are of high importance. Immune is not acquired against cold. However, when child grows old, it will get caught to this disease relatively less. Discomfort usually heals within a week.

Influenza, especially in the winter seasons, consists of a respiratory tract infection. Findings distinguishing influenza from common cold is muscle and joint pains, malaise, fever and headache. Influenza is heavier than common cold and more contagious. It is sometimes not limited to respiratory tract and it may affect other organs such as middle ear, heart and liver.

This is a viral infection transported through droplets spread via coughing or sneezing. Influenza viruses settling in upper and lower respiratory tracts proliferate and spread rapidly. Its treatment is symptomatic. Antibiotics have no use at all. The drugs removing nasal congestion and called "Decongestant", analgesic and antipyretic drugs are used. In cases where the patients cannot take sufficient liquid and it is accompanied by vomiting, liquid treatment may be required from vascular access.  It is recommended for the children having systemic disease and having undergone frequent and severe respiratory infection. (heart, respiratory diseases, etc.) Its effectiveness is around 60-70 % in the children. In other words, vaccinated children may also undergone influenza. It is recommended that vaccine is made in autumn months after a specific age.