Muscular Diseases (Myopathy)
Multiple Sclerosis- Ms Disease
• Prof. Aytekin AKYÜZ, MD
• Burak PAKÖZ, MD
• Sezgin ÖZTEKİN, MD
• Yaprak ALPER, MD
Epilepsy known as “Sara” by the people is related to the short-term cerebral function disorder and arises from the temporary abnormal electricity transmission in brain cells. Epileptic seizure is experienced due to uncontrolled, sudden, excessive and abnormal discharges of brain cells.
Brain is the main control center of human body. Coherent working between brain cells is achieved by electrical signals. The reason of seizure can be considered as an unexpected electrical stimulus. It is a short-term and temporary condition as a result of strong and sudden electrical discharge of the brain. Epilepsy is a disease seen all around the world, in men and women, in all races and at the rate of about 100 persons.
Epilepsy is a widespread disease. In many cases, clear familial inheritance is not described. In addition to this, increased risk compared to the general population is observed in close relatives of persons having seizures. Some diseases causing symptomatic epilepsy are genetic and clear inheritance is observed in some families.
General symptoms of epilepsy include spasm, black-out, syncope, trembling, falling down, thinking deeply while sitting, dyspnea, asphyxia, bruising in tissues and face, over-salvation, urinary incontinence, not being able to control the movements, post-crisis confusion, sleep, headache. Symptoms of epilepsy are different in every person. All symptoms may not be observed in every patient. In about half of patients, there is no clear reason of these seizures. In a certain group of patients, reasons during birth, meningitis, brain infection, brain tumors, poisoning or severe head injuries may result epileptic seizures.
Having a seizure is the sign of an underlying condition in the brain. In some cases, it is the single sign of a cerebral disease. In other cases, it may be one of the symptoms of that disease. Widespread brain involvement cases related to the seizures include tuberculosis, cerebral palsy, mental retardation, autism and neurofibromatosis. Epilepsy related to other cerebral disorders is treated similarly as the epilepsy occurring for unknown reason.
Seizures can be controlled by some medicines and practices. Surgical treatment can be recommended for the patients that anti-epileptic medicines don’t work.